Bank business models show diverse risk characteristics, but these differences are not sufficiently considered in Pillar 1 of the regulatory framework. Even if the business model is analyzed within the European SREP, global Pillar 2 approaches differ and could lead to competitive disadvantages. Using the framework of Miles et al. (2012), we examine a dataset of 115 European banks which is split into retail, wholesale, and trading banks. We show that shifts in funding structure affect business models differently. Consequently, a “one size” approach in Pillar 1 for the regulation of banks does not fit all.
David Großmann & Peter Scholz (2017): Bank Regulation — One Size Does Not Fit All. Journal of Applied Finance & Banking (7)5, 1-27.